Have you ever wondered what certain law terms mean? It happens to the best of us. That’s why we’ve jotted down 10 common legal terms that you should know.
ACQUIT: When a court lets a person go without a penalty. If a court decides that a person is not guilty of a crime or the case has not been proved, it will acquit the person.
DOLUS: Refers to the motives of an accused person.
WARRANT OF ARREST: A document issued by a magistrate or judge of the court, authorising the police to arrest a specific person for committing a specific act.
IMMOVABLE PROPERTY: Is property that cannot be moved, for example, a house, sectional title unit or farm.
DEED OF TRANSFER: A document that proves ownership and contains important information about the property, for example, it identifies the property, the reason for transfer of ownership and the details of the old owner and the existing owner.
SUBPOENA: A document issued either by the clerk of the magistrate’s court or by the Registrar of the High Court directing the addressee to attend in person at a court at a stated time.
PLEA: A summons is usually responded to by an intention to defend followed by the defendant’s Plea which is a response to the summons and in which the defendant sets out his/her defence to the action.
SUMMONS: A legal document that a litigant presents to a Court and in which his cause of action against the wrongdoer is set out. It is issued by a Court before it can be served on the wrongdoer.
ANTE NUPTIAL CONTRACT: A contract entered into to regulate a marriage out of community of property with/without the accrual system. An ante nuptial contract must be signed by the persons entering into a marriage, two witnesses and a notary public, and it must be registered in the Deeds Registries Office within the prescribed time period.
CONVICTION: The result of a criminal trial which was concluded and the accused was found guilty of the criminal offence charged.
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References: www.usa.usembassy.de/etexts/gov/legalterms.htm https://www.lawyer.co.za/index.php/latin-phrases-explained https://www.legalwise.co.za/help-yourself/glossary-terms https://www.stbb.co.za/glossary-terms/